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What Do the Pleats in the Aikido Hakama Mean?

hakama pleats

In his book Principles of Aikido, Mitsugi Saotome states that the seven pleats of the hakama (five in front and two in back) represent the seven virtues of Bushido. This claim may, in fact, have a degree of truth to it.

Posted in Aikido, Bushido, Hakama, Samurai